ICA Week 2

What were 2 ways WWI affected race relations in the U.S.?
1. It heightened the awareness of racial and ethic difference and spurred the demands for “Americanization” aka a more homogeneous national culture
2. It strengthened the conviction to exclude “undesirables” such as immigrants, even going so far as to sterilizing the women deemed “feeble-minded” to prevent further reproduction
What was the committee on Public Information & what tactics did it use to reach the public? Give 3 examples
They were a committee that used propaganda to promote the war. They issued every available medium from pamphlets, posters, and motion pictures in order to do so, as well as hire “4 Minute Men” to deliver brief talks in different languages to appeal to immigrants as well.
Persons suspected of disloyalty during WWI were forced to do:
Kiss the American flag in public
Who was Alice Paul and why did she compare President Wilson to the Kaiser?
Alice Paul was a social feminist and leader of the National Woman’s Party. She compared him to Kaiser because she claimed Wilson fought for democracy abroad for America, when democracy could not even be granted to the women of America.
According to Randolph Bourne, what was the fundamental flaw in the Americanization model? How did he define “trans-national culture”?
That there was no distinctive American culture. He defined it as a democratic, cosmopolitan society in which immigrants and natives alike submerged their group identities.
What were two of the major causes, either real or imaginary, of the Red Scare?
A post war strike wave and social tensions/fear generated by the Russian Revolution
p. 746: Why does Debs relate the history of the wartime dissent in America?
To demonstrate that he is not to be the first one protesting a war, several leaders and influential people have done so before him and while they were scoffed at the time by peers, they would eventually become to be revered today.
p. 747: What connections does Du Bois draw between blacks fighting abroad in the war & returning to fight at home?
Du Bois talks about how African Americans gladly fought on the side of America during the war, yet when they return home they must continue fighting for freedom.