Flashcards

Temple of Fortuna Virilis (Temple of Portunas) 75 BCE. Volcanic ash used in concrete. Roman, Greek, and Etruscan elements. 1 Cella with engaged columns – Ionic Order – Facade orientation, you are suppose to look at it from the front. Temple of Vesta Italy – …

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Mesopotamia A region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that developed the first urban societies. In the Bronze Age this area included Sumer and the Akkadian, Babylonian and Assyrian empires, In the Iron Age, it was ruled by the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian empires. Fertile Crescent …

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Venus of Willendorf “Venus of Willendorf” Village of Willendorf, Austria Paleolithic c. 28,000-25,000 BC An ancient maturity doll, most likely used to provide good fortune for female reproduction. The figure stands about 4in tall and is certainly not a goddess. Her features are defined in …

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What were TWO ways World War I affected race relations in the United States? Ethnic and racial differences were being highly recognized which resulted in the demand for a homogenous culture or “Americanization.” Science was being applied to social organizations in a discriminatory way such …

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Napoleon’s Costly mistakes -Continental System -Penensula War -Invasion of Russia Continental System -In 1806, Napoleon set up a blockade to prevent all trade & communication between Great Britain & other European Nations. -thought it would make continental Europe more self-sufficient & destroy Britain’s commercial & …

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Origin of feudalism After the fall of Charlemagne’s empire, disorder and uncertainty plagued western Europe so people turned to powerful landholders who, in exchange for for certain services, would provide that security;. feudalism it was a way of life based upon the ownership and use …

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Common clinical findings in patients with obstructive lung disease include all of the following, EXCEPT: A. pursed-lip breathing. B. chronic air trapping in the lungs. C. a decreased expiratory phase. D. abdominal muscle use. C. a decreased expiratory phase. Pneumonitis is especially common in older …

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Jacob Riis He wrote the book “How the Other Half Lives” which was about how the poor people (mostly immigrants) suffered from terrible living conditions in their tenement homes. Progressivism A reform movement that addressed many of the social problems that industrialism created. Muckrakers People …

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Copernicus This polish astronomer concluded that the earth and other planets revolve around the sun. Vesalius This British physician introduced a vaccine for smallpox Fahrenheit This German scientist made the first thermometer Fredrick the great This Persian king reformed society improving edu, outlawing torture, and …

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Enlightenment All problems can be solved through scientific observation and reasoning. Increased population, manufacturing, trade, and income. Reason, nature, and progress were the main themes. The Public Concert The new way of hearing music that arose in the eighteenth century. Offered opportunities for performers and …

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If information is purposely omitted from the record, you should: a. erase the notes that are not pertinent. b. accept that sometimes data are omitted. c. state in the record why the information was omitted. d. use correction fluid to cover the information. ANS: C …

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John Smith English explorer and soldier, founded Jamestown joint-stock companies businesses in which investors pool their money/wealth for a common purpose Jamestown first location of English settlement headright system the Virginia company’s policy of granting 50 acres of land to each settler and each family …

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smaller, rounder, better sorted and dominately resistant minerals As sediment is transported downstream, away from its points of origin, the particles become: Mineral calcite Fossiliferous limestone, chalk, micrite and aragonite all have to do with Chert Doesn’t have to do with mineral calcite Avalanche on …

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How did the Articles of Confederation compare to the Constitution in regard to sovereignty? Under the Articles, States had omre autonomy while the Constitution gave some powers to the united states How did the Articles of Confederation compare to the Constitution on regards to the …

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Anthropology – the study of humans and our close biological relatives, the Primates – the study of human cultural and biological variation, and evolution – how did we get this variation? What are the subfields of anthropology? 1) cultural 2) linguistic 3) archaeology 4) physical …

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Alphabets Writing systems in which a symbol represents a sound. Archeology The branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures. Austronesian Language The family of languages spoken in Australia and Formosa and Malaysia and Polynesia. Bantu Languages Descriptive name for languages spoken largely …

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influenza potentially deadly viral illness Nicola Sacco an anarchist who was convicted of murder inflation rising prices creditor nation a country that owes less money than it is owed Warren G. Harding Republican President Red Scare fear of communism rising prices what was one cause …

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population ecology study of the biotic and abiotic factors that affect population size, density, distribution, and age structure population a group of individuals of a single species that occupy the same area at the same time what are 2 important characteristics that a population includes …

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Puritans Religious group that wanted to separate from the English Church Joint Stock Companies Companies what allowed several investors to pool their wealth in support of a colony that would yield profit. Conquistadors Explorers who were lured by the prospect of vast lands filled with …

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provinces political districts council of ministers assistants to princes and emperors of the Mauryan Empire districts divisions of provinces Ashoka Maurya The grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, he took the Mauryan Empire to its height. Famously converted to Buddhism after the deadly Kalinga Wars Kalinga territory …

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What was the main cause of the Crimean war Russia’s desire to gain land over the Ottoman Empire In what war did the opposition of Dutch settlers to British policy in south Africa turn violent The boer war Why was India called the jewel in …

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Cold war An area of high tension and bitter rivalry known between the United States and the Soviet Union following the end of World War II Self-determination Right of people to decide their own political status Berlin blockade/airlift A program in which the United States …

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Demilitarized elimination or prohibition of weapons, fortifications, and other military installations Appeasement satisfying reasonable demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability Sanctions restrictions intended to enforce international law Dominate influence or control Violation a disregard of rules or agreements Blitzkrieg …

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Rape of Nanjing Rising of Chinese militia organizations in 1900 in which large numbers of Europeans and Chinese Christians were killed Imperialism The policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and …

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ABC Model of Crisis Intervention One way to structure crisis intervention that includes (A) developing and maintaining contact, (B) identifying the problem, and (C) coping. behavioral problem-solving model Approach focusing on goal setting, problem solving, and brainstorming alternatives. brief therapy Focuses on changing longer-standing behavior …

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Sir Henry Bessemer Patented a new process for making high-quality steel efficiently and cheaply known as the Bessemer Process New Products of Industrial Prosperity 1) lighter, stronger steel contributed to new buildings and machines and engines 2) Electricity as a new form of energy – …

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Virgil’s Aeneid was important because: It connected Roman history to the heroic narrative of the Trojan War Prior to the establishment of Rome as a dominant state in Italy it was: The Etruscans (the skilled metal workers) who lived there. The geographic site of Rome …

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Isaac Singer transformed American society by patenting a practical sewing machine that allowed for the mass production of textiles In 1851 a journal editor wrote that this had become “the great agent of civilization and progress, the most powerful instrument for good the world has …

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Infants are at risk for drug toxicity due to Decreased liver enzymes, reduced kidney function and reduced liver perfusion Anaphylactic rations Wheezing, swallowing difficulty, itching, tachycardia, angiogram facial swelling A patient is having difficulty remembering taking a med. what form should be given Extended release …

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What were the most important developments in pre-history? The beginnings of agriculture, first through semi-cultivation, and then through clearing fields and specializing tools for planting and harvesting The beginnings of domestication of animals and pastoralism Why is the Neolithic Revolution considered so highly significant? It …

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John D Rockefeller Standard Oil Company of Ohio/ created a monopoly Andrew Carnegie (Scottish) Steel Promoter, salesman, hr focused on Bessemers Process cheaper/wrote “The Gospel Of Wealth 1889/ Funded 1700 public libraries American Federation of Labor (AFL) 1886 President/Samuel Gompers higher wages, shorter hours, better …

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Social- Development and transformation of social structures Gender roles, and Relations, Family and Kinship, Racial and ethnic constructions, Social and economic classes Political- State building, expansion, and conflict Political structures and forms of governance, Empires, Nations and nationalism, Revolts and Revolutions, Regional Trans regional and …

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Constantinople formerly Byzantium; capital of the eastern Roman empire Justinian emperor of the Byzantine empire from 527 to 565, he rebuilt Constantinople and made reforms to the law Justinian’s Code The Corpus Juris Civilis, or “Body of Civil Law”; a comprehensive collection of Roman legal …

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slaves involuntarily come to the U.S. unlike immigrants none in GB, FR, Ger European immigrants migrate to the U.S. and Canada Latin America -continued instability -racism (the darker you are, worse off you are) -whites/creoles have power creoles little experience with self-government white/creole minority -dominated …

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CHAPTER 24: AGE OF NATIONALISM How did Napoleon seek to reconcile people and conservative forces in an authoritarian nation-state? Napoleon I’s France had already combined national feeling with authoritarian rule and it was Napoleon nephew, Luis Napoleon who revived and extended this merger 4 reasons …

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aggregate population subgroup in a community made up of people who share one or more common characteristics census tract population boundary that subdivides larger communities and is used expressly for data collection and population assessment by the US Bureau of the Census community diagnosis consists …

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Although the history of Greece before the rise of the polis is largely undocumented and therefore difficult to study thoroughly, it seems clear that the: early Greeks were living in a period of cultural isolation and economic stasis. Hubris is ______, which was punished by …

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speciation divergence of biological lineages and emergences of reproductive isolation between lineages -Different species concepts proposed by different biologists are different ways to approach question “what are species” -Requires interruption of gene flow within a species whose members formly exchanged genes; single lineage can change …

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Aztecs, Incas, and Mayas The civilizations that lived in Mesoamerica Rome Political corruption, over-expansion, and nomadic invasion led to the fall of this empire Muslim Empire This empire included followers of the religion of Islam Genghis Khan This man led the creation of the Mongol …

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nonaggression pact of 1939 Soviet Union and German Invasion of Poland Led French and British to declare war on Germany Blitzkrieg Improved tank and air power technology Luftwaffe German airforce Dunkirk Important battle, was the defense and evacuation of Britain Fall of France to the …

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George Eastman He invented the roll film. The Wright Brothers They invented the worlds first successful airplane. Daniel Burnham A architect that made plans for the development of cities like Chicago and downtown Washington D.C. W.E.B. Du Bois Founded the Niagara movement. Thought that blacks …

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Covenant Community A covenant community is a religious group whose members bind themselves to one another and to the group by a solemn agreement called a covenant Direct Democracy Form of government in which people vote on policy initiatives directly, as opposed to a representative …

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apprentice someone who learns a skilled trade by watching and helping an expert dame schools schools in the colonies were taught by women in their own homes hornbook flat wooden board with a handle common schools give the same education to people of different societies …

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Michelangelo. Who painted the Sistine Chapel? Muhammad. Who was the Islam Father? King Tutankhamen. Famous Egyptian Pharaoh? With Gold? Nimrod. Who was the builder of the World’s First Empire? Rome. Who won the Punic Wars? Isaac Newton. The Father of Modern Science? Mary Tudor. Called …

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linage Members believe they are descendants from a common ancestor Stateless Society Cultural groups in which authority is shared by lineage of equal power instead of being exercised by a central goverment Patrilineal Relating to a social system in which family and descent and inheritance …

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missionaries people who believed that they had a duty to spread the blessings of the Western civilization doctrine of Social Darwinism justified the takeover of new territories. jingoism aggressive foreign policy Great White Fleet US’s impressive naval power the splendid little war the name for …

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Democratic ensuring that all people have the same rights Laissez Faire idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs Free Market economic system in which goods and services are exchanged with little regulation Marbury v. Madison an 1803 court …

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Jamestown, 1607 First PermanentEnglish Settlement, John Smith, tabacco First Africans brought to Virginia, 1619 through crowded ships, indentured servants Mayflower Compact, 1620 the first governing document of Plymouth Colony, It was signed on November 11, 1620 (OS) by 41 of the ship’s one hundred and …

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Renaissance means rebirth Renaissance began in Italy Humanism concern with personality, uniqueness, etc. recognition that humans can be creative, appreciation of art not just as a religious symbol education a program of studies was developed to replace the medieval emphasis of logic, rhetoric, and mathematics….. …

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Louis XIV Called himself the Sun King, said “I am the state,” lived in the Palace at Versailles Evangelista Torricelli Invented the barometer Romanovs Ruled Russia during the age of absolute monarchs Huguenots Protestant Christians who left France during the reign of Louis XIV, causing …

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